What Is Government?


Government is a system of people exercising control over the affairs of a community, state or country. It is also the means by which organizational policies are enforced and determined, and a mechanism for regulating activities. In most countries the government is composed of a legislature, executive and judiciary. Government agencies and departments are responsible for implementing the policy decisions of the government, and are accountable to it.

In a democracy the people determine how their government should be run by electing people to represent them in making decisions and setting rules. The representatives are usually part of a group of people with similar ideas and philosophies, which is called a party. When enough of these parties win seats in a parliament, they form the Government. The government is headed by a Prime Minister, and the members of the Government are known as Cabinet ministers. Other parts of the government are the House of Commons and the Senate, the legislative and executive arms of the government.

The functions of government are outlined in the constitution of a country, which provides the basis for legal and constitutional procedures. The constitution sets out the principles and philosophy of a government, and is interpreted by courts. The role of the government in a society is to protect the rights and freedoms of its citizens, while at the same time ensuring that individuals take responsibility for their actions. The government is also the guardian of public safety and national security.

People have a right to know the process by which their government makes decisions and enacts laws. That is why the government should not hide its records behind a shroud of confidentiality or secrecy. Instead, it should be transparent and share its records with the people it serves.

It is important to understand that government regulations are designed to protect consumers, prevent environmental abuses and discrimination, and limit monopolies. However, some businesses have been accused of using illegal tactics to avoid regulation. They may damage the environment, hire undocumented workers, or even defraud customers. Government regulations are meant to limit these practices, but they can sometimes create barriers that discourage new competitors from entering the market or force them out of business.

Trying to define what constitutes a form of government has been a long-standing goal in the fields of political science and international relations. In general, forms of government are characterized by whether they are ruled by one person (an autocracy, such as a monarchy), a select group of people (an aristocracy), or the people as a whole (a democracy). Governments often grow to be large and bureaucratic, with many layers of officials, each with specialized areas of expertise and duties. This makes them difficult to manage. Nevertheless, the bureaucratic nature of government can be beneficial, because it fosters expertise and promotes efficiency and accountability. However, it can also hinder innovation, because it can take a long time to get an idea from the front office to the executive branch of the government, and there is a risk that centralized decision-making can lead to inflexibility.